What is a Stoma?

It is estimated that 1/500 people in the UK have stoma, the most common conditions resulting in stoma surgery are bowel cancer, diverticular disease, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and accidental Injury.

Its deep pink in colour, and although it appears to look sore it has no nerve endings hence no feeling and pain free.

Waste matter comes out of the stoma and is collected in a stoma bag, the type of bag used depends on the type of stoma.

Stoma is a Greek word meaning ‘mouth’ or ‘opening’. Stoma surgery normally results in an opening on the surface of the abdomen in order to divert the colon or ileum through the abdominal wall, This allows the flow of faeces or urine, to be collected in a stoma bag.

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A colostomy is an operation to divert one end of the colon through an opening in the tummy.


An ileostomy is where the small bowel is diverted through an opening in the tummy (abdomen).


It is a surgical procedure which diverts the normal flow of urine from the kidneys and ureters into a surgically created stoma.

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